Friday, February 24, 2012

KUMBHA- BHARANI FESTIVAL



Legend of Kumbha Bharani Festival:
Parvathy Devi is the incarnation of Goddess Aaadi Parashakthi and was born as the daughter of Himavan and Mena.She was black in color.Parvathi Devi was in deep love towards Lord Shiva but Lord Shiva was in meditation and penance.Lord Shiva opened his eyes and felt love towards Parvathy Devi who was standing near him when Kama Deva sent his 'Kupid's Arrow'(Pushpasaram) towards them according to the instructions by Indra.The plan of Devas to make the unity of Shiv-Shakti worked out well and

Lord Shiva  married Parvathy  Devi.  As per the wish of Devas their child Lord Karthikeya, who is famous
as Lord Subramanya,Muruka etc killed Tharakasura and regained the throne of Indra and other Kings..
One day  Lord Mahavishnu and Lakshmi Devi visited Mount Kailash, the abode of Lord Shiva and they
spend happily for some time watching the pranks of Children Ganesha and Subramanya.When Lord Mahavishnu and Lakshmidevi were about to leave Lord Shiva called Parvathy Devi as 'Kaali' (Means one who is black in color) forgetting that Parvathy Devi did not appreciate it.
Parvathy  Devi felt angry for calling her 'Kaali' in front of the guests and  was not ready to hear any excuses from Lord Shiva but left Mount Kailash in her fury. She sadly proceeded  to Brahmaloka.She met Lord Brahma and pleaded him to make her fair in color.It was done in a second by the creator of this Universe.Parvathy Devi returned  triumphantly back to Kailash as Gouri(Gori and
Gouri in Sanskrit and Hindi means one who is fair in color).The color Change of Parvathy(Kali) to (Gouri)
was celebrated by all. In Bhadra Kali temples also this celebration was extended.To commemorate this
event Kumbha Bharani is celebrated splendidly in Bhadrakali Temples of Kerala also.
In Kodungallur Devi Temple, in Trissur District,  which is the most important Bhadrakali temple of Kerala the annual festival
starts on Kumbha Bharani day and finishes on Meena Bharani day.(One month long  festival).Meena Bharani
and  the days of one week prior to that is celebrated with several cults and rituals,color and pageantry.
At Chettikulangara Temple, which is situated in Alleppey District Kumbha Bharani is the most important
festival.On Meena Bharani day the temple is kept closed on the assumption that on that day Devi will go
to Kodungallur to participate in the functions there.'Kettukazcha' of Chettikulangara temple is very famous
in which very high temple cars and decorated other structures such as Horse,Chariots,Bulls, etc are brought to the temple premises which are very heavy and so it is a display of strength and valor also.'Kuthiottam' which is a ritual and a dance form is performed here.
Attukal Bhagavathy Temple in Trivandrum city is world famous and entered in Guinness Book of World records for the 'Ponkala Festival'  which is the largest gathering of women participation in the world for a festival.
On Kumbha Bharani day the 10 day annual festival begins.On that day morning Kodungalloor Bhagavathy arrives here and will be present till the festival ceases is the belief.Attukal Devi is Bhadrakali Devi in a pleasant state.
Thiruvanikkavu Bhagavathy in Mullorkara Thrissur District will celebrate festival of eight days commencing from Kumbha Bharani Day.
Kallooppara Bhagavathy Temple in Pathanamthitta District celebrate Kumbha Bharani festival and the annual 10 days festival starts on that day.Display of Temple structures such as Horse,Chariots etc(Kettu Kazcha) and Padayani will
be added attraction during these days.
Thiruvilayanattukavu Bhagavathy temple in Sreekrishnapuram in Palakkad District celebrates Kumbha Bharani.
Palakkunnu Bhagavathy Temple in Kasergod District celebrates this festival with much importance.

At Paramara Bhagavathy Temple in Ernakulam North the festival starts on Uthradam day and on a grand
scale celebration will be on Uthrittathi day.The festival finishes on Kumbha Bharani day.

 Varanad Bhagavathy Temple in Alleppey District celebrates Kumbha Bharani.The annual festival of this
temple which lasts for 14 days will ceases on Kumbha Bharani day.
At Vadasserikavu Bhagavaty Temple in Chengannur, Alapuzha District Kumbha Bharani is an important festival.

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