Tuesday, July 17, 2012

MARTIAL ARTS- KALARIPAYATTU

Martial art form 'Kalaripayattu'  has relationship and connection with
several folklore art forms and classical art forms of Kerala.
The rules and regulations of 'Kalari' are agreed and approved by both folklore
and classical wing.
There existed 'Ezhuthu Kalari' and 'Poythu Kalari' in Kerala.Ezhuthu Kalari were
village institutes to teach alphabets and digital numbers to small children and
now a days they became extinct by paving way to Kinder gardens and nursery schools.The number of 'Poythu Kalari' are less but they are still existing in several parts of Kerala and energetic youths are getting trained in them  mainly for getting 
physical flexibility, good health  and for self defence etc.
According to the sizes 'Poythu Kalari' were classified in to "Anpatheeradi Kalari,
Muppatheeradi Kalari, Pathinetteeradi Kalari, Panthrandeeradi Kalari".
'Anpatheeradi Kalari'  was the biggest and  'Panthrandeeradi Kalari' the smallest.
Each of the Kalari area were sub divided in to "Nedum Kalari,Thodu Kalari,Cheru Kalari, and Anka Kalari as according to the purpose of them and the item taught there at those areas.
Moreover other sections such as "Guruthara,Poothara and Deiva Thara" were 
in each Kalari which were sections for worship of God and to pay  homage for the departed souls of ancestors.
The 'Asan' or 'Guru' who is the instructor will be given much respect by the 
disciples(students).Initially and at the end of studies the students will pay cash and other presents to the 'Guru' and bow down to their feet for their blessing.
Every day before and after the class also they will bow to them and perform
'Bhoomi Vandanam' also.(Bow down  and touch the ground with the hands and
touch on the forehead as requesting and  accepting the blessing of Mother Earth).
The students pay homage and reverence  at 'Guruthara' "Poothara' and 'Deiva Thara' of the Kalari with flowers,rice and betal  leaves.
The Kalaripayattu  is comprised of four sections such as "Meythozhil,Kolthari,Angathari and Verum Kai".
In 'Meythozhil' the student is made prepared mentally and physically by giving






some suitable exercises and body massages.The 'Guru' and his associates give Massage known as 'Uzhichil' with hands and using toes known as 'Chavitti uzhichil' to make their body very much flexible.This will be performed every week so that they will find it easy to practice and master the lessons easily.
In 'Kolthari' the students are given training to fight using sticks(rod of wood)
of different lengths.They will be trained to use the stick to defend and to use
it to attack  using as a weapon.
In the section 'Angathari' fighting using real sharp weapons are taught.Sword and shield,Spears and daggers are used in this section.How to defend and protect one self and  moves used to defeat the opponents are taught.
In the last section 'Verum Kai' no weapon is used but to protect oneself and
also to attack an armed person is taught.Moves  with lightning speed is required and  ideas to employ the very suitable 'adavu' or movement is taught in this section.
Kalari payattu was not taught for military purposes only.In artistic forms such
as "Kanyar Kali,Daf Kali,Margam Kali,Arjuna Nritham,Mudiyettu ,Kaliyoottu, Theyyam ,Thira"  etc people trained in Kalaripayattu could  perform nicely.
For Kathakali,Krishnanattam,Thidampu Nritham etc Kalaripayattu training is 
very much useful.
The Kalaripayattu people use a long piece of cloth as 'Kachakettu' which is
used in Kathakali and Krishnattam also.Flexibility of the body is very much
required for these art forms.The body massage known as 'Uzhichil' is done 
for Kathakali and Krishnanattam students also.
For the art forms 'Vela Kali' and 'Paricha Muttu kali' Kalaripayattu training is
essential.These art forms are a display of martial arts with the use of percussion instruments rhythmically.

1 comment:

  1. I really liked the way you have presented information about martial arts in your post. Informative post about martial arts

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