Tuesday, September 25, 2012

ART FORMS TO PROPITIATE DEITIES

Mudiyettu


Mudiyettu is seen commonly in Southern Kerala Bhadrakali Temples.This is also  known as 'Mudiyeduppu'.In Kali temples of 'Kanyakumari'  district this is known as 'Paranettu'.A crown depicted with image of Bhadrakali which is made of wood is placed on a specially made stage with respect and devotion.This is called as 'Mudi' which is carried on head by the dancer and dances to the tune of songs and percussion instruments  representing as 'Kali' with necessary make up and attire.There are other characters such as Lord Shiva,Sage Narada,Demon Darika,Kooly,Koimbidar etc.Demon Darika character
will stand on another stage and challenge Kali Devi.Both of them get down from the stage and the fight begins.The viewers watch all such scenes with devotion.The Demon will be killed after a long fight.
Mudiyettu got UNESCO recognition in 2010 as the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.This is the second art form to get this recognition in UN list and the first one to get this recognition was 'Koodiyattam'.
Kaliyoottu
Kaliyoottu is similar dramatical ritualistic event in which Kali-Darika fight is the theme.The ritualistic activities in this respect may extend to nine or eleven days.A group dance known as 'Vellattamkali'  is usually performed in front of Bhadrakali Deity.
Thidambu Nritham
This is a dance form performed by the priests of Northern Kerala in certain Temples.They will carry the idol used for procession on their head and dances
according to special tunes.The priests uses traditional dress,head dress and ornaments.They dance to the music of instruments such as 'Chenda,Ilathalam,sruthi,Kuzhal,etc'.They have to dance in rhythms like 'Thakiladi,Adantha,Chembada,Panchari etc'.
Arjuna Nritham
Pandava  Prince Arjuna propitiated Bhadrakali Devi after Kurukshetra war dressed up with special attire  using peacock feathers also.This dance form is performed commemorating this event.This dance is also termed as 'Mayil Thookkam'.
Garudan Thookkam
Lord Vishnu sent his vehicle 'Garuda Bird' to Bhadrakali devi after her fight with Darika the Demon to make her calm.This dance form is performed dressing up as a Garuda and also known as 'Garudan Parava'.
Sarpa Pattu
At Mannarsala,Vettikottu,Nagercoil Naga Temple etc Sarpa Pattu is performed to propitiate 'Naga' deities.The images of 'Snakes'(Nagas) are drawn with five different colour powders and members of 'Pulluvar community' sings songs meant for this purpose while some other women  of this community dances 
in peculiar traditional manner.
Ivar Kali








It is believed that Pandavas performed this dance form to propitiate Bhadrakali Devi.Special songs are sung and dances rhythmically. 
Kalamezhuthu Pattu

Like as in Sarpa pattu, the depictions of deities like 'Vettakkoru Makan,Bhadrakali,Vairajathan,Nagam,Yakshi etc' are made with coloured powder and devotional songs are sung in celebration.
Paana
This ritualistic event is mostly performed in Trissur,Palakkad and Malappuram Districts.Bhadrakali Devi is propitiated in this art form also.'Para,Chenda,Maddalam,Ilathalam,Kombu,Kuzhal etc' are used as musical instruments.
Kanyar Kali
Kanyar Kali is seen mostly in Palakkad District.This art form is divided in to  two sections as 'Vattakali and Purattu'.Vattakkali is ritualistic and starts after events such as 'Panthal Pravesham and Deepa Pradakshinam'.There will be dance performance with traditional songs.This art form will be completed in four days.
Theeyattu
Theeyattu is also a dance form to propitiate Bhadrakali Devi and is performed in Central Travancore and in some other areas of Kerala.A single dancer wearing a crown with the depiction of Bhadrakali Devi dances and the theme is  Bhadrakali-Darika fight.The members of a community known as 'Unni' usually performs it.


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