Saturday, December 15, 2012

MUSLIM ART FORMS

OPPANA

Oppana is a traditional art form which is performed by Muslims mostly  related to ceremony like marriage etc.It has resemblence to the popular 'Kai Kottikkali' of Kerala.It is  widely popular in Malabar area.'Oppana' is derived from the Arabic word 'Hafna'.
Oppana dance is played by both men and women.When performed for marriages, the bride in full bridal make up and colourful costumes will be seated on a chair and a group of young women dance around her  singing beautiful rhythmic songs.One of the players will sing while the others will repeat the versus and while dancing to the tune clapping their hands.

DUFF MUTTU

Duff Mutt (Dappu Kali or Dappu Muttikkali) is an important traditional art form.
A small percussion instrument known as 'Daf',Duff or Dappu is used in it which the performers holds in their left hand and beats on them with the right hand while dancing.The performers usually form  two rows of ten or twenty and dance to the tune of songs meant for this.They will sway their body in co-ordination and dance symmetrically using rhythmic steps.Ritualistic songs and other type of songs like love songs,songs describing places,nature etc are all used for this  dance variety.

ARABANA MUTTU

The main difference between Dappu Kali and Arabana Muttu(Aravana Muttu) is the musical percussion instrument which the players uses.'Arabana' instrument is also similar to 'Dappu' but it is wider and  makes more lovely sound.There are two varieties to perform  Arabana Muttu such as 'Rathib Muttu' and  'Kalimuttu'.'Rathib Muttu' is used for ritualistic purposes.The performers need to have good training to dance as well as to use the 'Arabana'- to strike it exactly to produce the sounds termed as ' njottu, thattu,viralu,thallu,thirippu,ullu,maripuram and thirinjakara.There are traditional beautiful songs used for this art form also.

KOLKKALI

Kolkkali is performed by all communities of Kerala including Muslims.This is popularly known as 'Koladikkali,Kambukali' etc.The Kolkkali performed by Muslims of Kerala differs in the songs used and also slight difference  in some other aspects.
The players do a prayer before and after the performance.
The players move in a circle striking small sticks  rhythmically with specific steps.The circle expands and contracts according to the tune of the accompanying music  which rises to the high pitch and then lowers.

PARICHA MUTTU KALI

Parichamuttu Kali has resemblance and relation to the martial arts  'Kaliripayattu' of Kerala.This  art form is popular in all communities of Kerala but differs in the songs used and some slight differences are also there.

KAIMUTTU KALI AND VATTAPATTU

Kaimuttu Kali and Vattapattu were  mostly used during marriage ceremones.The performers are men and there are slight  regional differences for this art form from place to place in Northern Kerala.The performers sits one group opposite  facing  the other and sing songs with clapping hands.They may use 'Ilathalam' also.When used for marriage ceremony, the players used to perform this for entertaining the bridegroom.

MUTTUM VILIYUM








Muttum Viliyum is also a traditional art form of Muslims of Kerala.They use   two percussion instruments known as 'Mural' and 'Otta' and a small musical instrument similar to 'shehnai'  which is known as 'Kuzhal'.The performer sings songs using the 'Kuzhal' and the percussion instruments 'mural' and 'otta' are played accordinglly.These are used for festivals etc.

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