Sunday, September 29, 2013

Krishnanattam Offering At Guruvayoor Temple

The classical art form 'Krishnanattam' is staged at Guruvayoor Temple on almost all days round the year as votive offering by the devotees for propitiating the Lord Krishna and getting his blessing to fulfill their wishes.
Krishnanattam  was   designed and created by the 'Zamorin' ruler of Calicut 'Manaveda' (1585-1658 A.D.).
The Zamorin was a firm believer of Lord Krishna and used to visit Guruvayoor temple occasionally, stayed there for many days to participate in all the 'Pooja rituals' daily.His contemporary 'Vilwamangalam Swamikal' who was a sage who omitted all worldly pleasures also used to stay for many days consecutively at Guruvayoor and participated in all the poojas.Vilwamangalam Swamikal had special bessing of the God that he was able to see them.Krishna, in childhood form used to play with him.This was known to Manaveda Zamorin and he revealed his ambition to have a vision of Lord Krishna to Vilwamangalam Swamikal.Thus Vilwamangalam Swamikal pleaded to Bhagawan Krishna about the Zamorin's wish.Krishna agreed to fulfil the devotee's ambition and said that the next day he could watch Krishna in childhood form playing on the platform of an 'Elanji tree' near the temple but he was told not to touch Krishna.
The next day Zamorin's wish was fulfilled and since he was a firm devotee of Lord Krishna who loved him so much in his heart, the Zamorin could not control his excitement and love that he grasped Lord Krishna and embraced him.Krishna said that 'this was not in Vilwamangalm's agreement' and suddenly disappeared.One of the peacock feather which adorned Krishna's headgear dropped on the ground and it was taken by the Zamorin.
Later Zamorin repented  about his  breaching of the  agreement of not touching the Lord.
At that period itself poet Jaya Deva's 'Gita Govindam' written about Lord Krishna was famous all over India.Manaveda also decided to write a similar poetic work about the story of Krishna.It was named as 'Krishna Giti' and contains eight parts about the main incidents of the Lord such  as "Avataram,Kaliyamardanam,Rasakrida,Kamsavadham,Swayamvaram,Banayudham,Vividhavadham,and Swargarohanam".
He designed the costumes,selected the percussion instruments and other arrangements to manifest this poetic work as a dance-drama played part by part for eight days.On the ninth day 'Avataram' is repeated again as a tradition.For many years followed, the peacock feather of Lord Krishna's headgear was used on the 'crown' wore by Krishna's character of Krishnanattam.

At Guruvayoor temple devotees can select any story part to play as per their preference or the full story for nine days if they can afford.
Devotees believe that by offering 'Avataram' story,  child will be born to childless couples,
By offering 'Kaliamardanam' play skin problems caused by snake bite and other skin diseases are also cured by the Lord.
'Rasa Krida' is offered for the well being of unmarried girls and for  getting a suitable spouse.Also disputes between married couples will be solved.
'Kamsavadham' is played for removing one's enemies.
'Swayamvaram' story is played to get a suitable marriage alliance.
The story 'Banayudham' is played for any auspicious event and also for getting blessings of Lord Krishna and Lord Shiva.Success in legal matters is also attained.
'Vividavadham' is played for removing poverty and for success in agriculture.
'Swargarohanam' is played for the peace of a departed soul.Also for salvation and to have a peaceful death.
Those who arrange 'Swargarohanam play' has to offer 'Avatharam' also.
For the rates,rules and regulations and bookings the authorities of 'Guruvayoor Temple Devaswom'

has to be contacted.

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